Who are they?
provides a brief rundown of the people acquitted in Judge Ahmed Refaat's loaded verdict in what had been dubbed "the trial of the century"
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From top: an apprehensive protester sits next to mock burial sites of those killed in the revolution; after the verdict, Alaa and Gamal Mubarak smile; former interior minister El-Adli inside the courtroom cage with his aides
On 2 June the Cairo Criminal Court, headed by judge Ahmed Refaat, acquitted Alaa and Gamal Mubarak of charges relating to corruption and abuse of power.
Minister of Interior Habib El-Adli's six most senior assistants, chief of Cairo Security Ismail Abdel-Gawad El-Shaer, chief of Public Security Adli Fayed, chief of Central Security Ahmed Ramzi, head of State Security Hassan Youssef Abdel-Rahman, head of 6 October City Security Omar Abdel-Aziz El-Faramawi and Giza Security head Osama Youssef El-Marasi, were also judged to have played no role in the murder of hundreds of protesters during the uprising that forced Hosni Mubarak's resignation.
Both Mubarak's sons remain in detention awaiting trial in a separate corruption case. Abdel-Rahman will also remain in detention awaiting charges related to the destruction of State Security documents. The remaining defendants, senior apparatchiks of Mubarak's brutal state security machine, are now free.
Alaa Mubarak: The elder son of Hosni Mubarak was born in 1961. He attended St George's College in Cairo and went on to graduate from the American University in Cairo (AUC). He is married to Heidi Rasekh, daughter of businessman Magdi Rasekh who is also facing corruption charges. Alaa developed extensive and lucrative business interests during his father's rule.
Gamal Mubarak: Born in 1963, Mubarak's younger son maintained a higher public profile than his brother. It was widely assumed he was being groomed to take over the presidency from his father.
A deputy secretary-general of the now dismantled National Democratic Party (NDP), Gamal Mubarak was also head of its policies committee.
He was educated at St George's College and the American University in Cairo. Following his graduation he began work at the Bank of America. Though generally described as a politician his business interests are even more extensive than those of his brother.
In May 2007 he married Khadiga El-Gammal, the daughter of Egyptian businessman Mahmoud El-Gammal.
Ismail El-Shaer: Born in 1950, he is the former chief of Cairo security. He graduated from the Police Academy in 1971 and began his career as a police officer at Maadi Police Station. Regularly promoted, he became chief of Cairo Security in 2004.
He was arrested on 11 March 2011 on suspicion of conspiring to murder protesters, ordering the use of deadly weapons against demonstrators and conspiring to instigate public disorder. It has also been suggested that he was at the wheel of the armoured police that was driven at high speed into a group of demonstrators. El-Shaer claimed he was in his office at the time of the incident.
Adli Fayed: Born in 1951, Fayed is the former head of public security. He began his career as a police officer at the Ministry of Interior's Investigation Department in 1975. As chief of public security Fayed occupied a central role with the Ministry of Interior and had a reputation for solving difficult cases. On 11 March Fayed was arrested and charged with intentionally killing protesters and plotting to damage public and private property in what was interpreted as an attempt by the security forces to foster chaos in an attempt to turn the public against the ongoing revolution.
Hassan Abdel-Rahman: Born in 1948, he became head of the Interior Ministry's much feared State Security Agency in 2004 after a lifetime spent in various State Security posts.
Then Minister of Interior Mahmoud Wagdi dismissed Abdel-Rahman from his post on 2 March 2011. On 11 March he was arrested and charged with conspiring to murder protesters. He continues to face charges of incinerating large quantities of potentially incriminating State Security documents.
Ahmed Ramzi: A Police Academy graduate, he became chief of Central Security in 2010. A regime stalwart, he was entrusted with controlling demonstrations and protests.
Arrested on 11 March 2011, he faced charges of murdering protesters, inciting chaos and terrorising the public.
Omar El-Faramawi: Born in 1952, he became chief of 6 October City security 20 days before the January Revolution began. Previously he served as deputy head of the prison sector. On 11 March he was referred to Cairo Criminal Court for inciting chaos, disrupting general security, failing to protect public and private property and threatening the safety of protesters.
Following his discharge El-Faramawi filed a case insisting he be allowed to return to his job.
Osama El-Marasi: He served as head of Giza security for two months. He has also served as security chief in 6 October City and in South Sinai. Considered among El-Adli's most trusted aides, he faced charges of failing to protect property and fomenting chaos.