Issue No.1127, 20 December, 2012      19-12-2012 01:31PM ET

Egypt’s 2012 timeline

Compiled by Mona El-Nahhas

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January

14Mohamed Al-Baradei withdraws from the presidential race.

21Egypt’s Islamist forces win the majority of parliamentary seats.

25The first anniversary of the revolution.

29Egyptians cast their votes in the Shura Council elections.

 

February

1At least 74 people are killed in clashes between rival fans following a football match in Port Said amid a total absence of the security apparatus.

3Clashes erupt in Cairo over the Port Said massacre.

5Protesters clash with police as anger mounts.

6Trial of suspects in the NGOs’ foreign funding case starts.

10Some political movements call for a general strike on the first anniversary of the revolution to protest against the attempts by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces to abort the revolution’s goals.

 

March

1American suspects in the NGOs foreign funding case leave Egypt on a US military plane, causing widescale public anger at the judiciary.

17Egypt’s Coptic Christian Pope Shenouda III dies at the age of 88.

18Thousands of Egyptians mourn Pope Shenouda III.

23Clashes erupt over the ban on football league matches.

31The Muslim Brotherhood names Khairat Al-Shater its presidential candidate.

 

April

8Nominations for presidential polls close.

9The Brotherhood opposes the candidacy of former General Intelligence chief Omar Suleiman as president.

17Ten presidential candidates are excluded from the race, including strong contenders Omar Suleiman, Khairat Al-Shater and Hazem Abu Ismail.

25Poll ban on the Mubarak-era prime minister Ahmed Shafik reversed.

28Egyptians protest in front of the Saudi embassy in a show of support for Egyptian detainee Ahmed Al-Gizawi.

 

May

3The SCAF imposes an overnight curfew around Abbasiya district following deadly protests over the army’s handling of the transitional period.

23Egyptians vote in the first presidential polls after the revolution.

24Egypt’s first round of voting ends.

28A date for the run-off polls is set.

31The SCAF lifts the state of emergency.

 

June

2Ousted president Hosni Mubarak is sentenced to life in prison for failing to protect peaceful demonstrators during the 2011 revolution. Protests erupt in the wake of the sentence, demanding the death penalty.

14The Supreme Constitutional Court rules the invalidity of parliament. SCAF declares full legislative authority.

15The presidential run-off starts with Islamist Mohamed Morsi competing against former prime minister Ahmed Shafik.

17SCAF issues a complementary constitutional declaration granting itself inviolable powers.

20The Supreme Judicial Commission supervising presidential polls delays the announcement of the results, raising doubts about possible rigging.

24Islamist candidate Mohamed Morsi wins Egyptian presidency after winning 51.73 per cent of the vote.

30Morsi takes oath before the Constitutional Court.

 

July

14Hillary Clinton meets Egypt’s new president.

15Clinton meets Egypt’s army leader Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi.

24Hisham Kandil is tasked with forming the new cabinet.

 

 

August

2Hisham Kandil and his cabinet take the oath of office.

5Unidentified gunmen attack a checkpoint on the Egyptian-Israeli border, killing 17 Egyptian policemen.

7The Egyptian army launches the “Eagle” military operation in Sinai.

12Morsi issues a constitutional declaration which isolates the SCAF from political scene.

30Morsi urges help for the Syrian opposition.

 

September

13Anti-US protests erupt in Egypt and elsewhere in the Arab world against a US-produced film insulting Islam. Around 225 people are reported injured in clashes outside the US embassy in Cairo.

18Immigrant Copts involved in the making of the film are tried in absentia.

 

October

8Morsi pardons revolutionaries arrested for taking part in protests at the start of the 2011 revolution.

13Morsi attempts to dismiss the Mubarak-era prosecutor-general Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud.

28Egypt’s Copts vote for a new pope.

 

November

3Gunmen kill three in Sinai attack.

4Bishop Tawadros II named new pope.

17Bus-train collision in Assiut kills at least 50 children. Transportation Minister Rashad Al-Matini resigns. 

22Morsi passes a controversial constitutional declaration which safeguards his decrees from judicial oversight. Morsi dismisses the prosecutor-general. Judges announce their rejection of the declaration and all related measures.

23Protesters in Tahrir call for the overthrow of Morsi. Some Muslim Brotherhood headquarters are reportedly stormed.

26Morsi meets members of the Supreme Judiciary Council in an attempt to find a way out of the crisis.

27Massive anti-Morsi protests in Tahrir continues.

29The Constituent Assembly puts articles of the new constitution to a vote as a final step before presenting it to the president.

30Anti-Morsi crowds gather in Cairo.

 

December

1Islamists rally in support of Morsi who sets 15 December as the date for the referendum over the constitution.

2Judges announce they will not supervise the referendum so long as the constitutional declaration is not rescinded. A large number of courts decide to suspend work.

Islamists raid the headquarters of the Supreme Constitutional Court to protest against what they claim are politicised rulings that undermine the state’s elected institutions.

4Thousands protest outside the presidential palace over the rushed drafting of the new constitution.

5Pro- and anti-Morsi clash outside Al-Ittihadiya palace leaves eight killed and over 750 injured.

6Army tanks deploy near presidential palace. Morsi invites political forces to a dialogue.

7Thousands maintain Cairo protests.

8Army vows to halt violence. Morsi annuls previous controversial constitutional declaration by issuing a new one which the opposition says changes nothing. 

10Morsi gives the army the power of arrest.

11Thousands march in Egypt rallies.

12Opposition mobilises the public for a no-vote over the constitutional referendum.

14Supporters and opponents of Egypt’s president stage final rallies a day ahead of referendum.

15Egyptians vote in referendum over the constitution. Islamists are said to assault headquarters of several independent newspapers.

16Preliminary results of the vote show around 56 per cent of voters say “yes” to the constitution.

17The Morsi-appointed prosecutor-general resigns after members of the general prosecution gather outside his office, pressuring him to step down.

 

 

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